CBD itself is non-psychoactive, unlike THC. CBD isolate has no THC at all. So it’s unique to the people who want to avoid the psychoactive THC.CBD isolate products have many sound effects and health benefits. But it lacks enough accurate information for you to rely on altogether. We bring you some basic information about CBD isolate, its making or extraction methods, its effects, and its benefits, adding with the ways of using isolate CBD.
What is CBD?
CBD is the acronym of cannabidiol, a natural chemical compound of Cannabis Sativa plants. Thirty hydrogen atoms, two oxygen atoms, and twenty-one carbon atoms (C21H30O2) make the molecular structure of CBD. It is one of the most renowned phytocannabinoids of cannabis plants (hemp or marijuana).
Roger Adams, the Harvard University alumni, and an American organic chemist, first identified and isolated CBD in 1940. It’s one of more than 100 natural compounds or cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. CBD mainly comes from hemp, constituting up to 40% of its extracts. It has no psychoactive effects.
Based on the presence of other cannabinoids, mainly three types of CBD or CBD products are available- full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate cannabidiol:
- Full-spectrum: CBD products have CBD with terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids like THC. THC is a psychoactive compound that can get a person “high.”
- Broad-spectrum: CBD products contain additional chemical compounds, including terpenes and other cannabinoids than CBD- often selling as an oil. This type of CBD has no THC as it is processed by removing any THC.
- CBD isolate: Is the 3rd one of CBD types that contains only CBD and no THC. CBD isolate is 99% pure and got from hemp plants.
What is CBD Isolate?
There are three types of CBD, one of which is CBD isolate. So, CBD isolate is a form of CBD, a well-known natural chemical compound existing in the cannabis plant. It is a crystalline solid or powder containing 99% pure CBD. CBD isolate does not contain any THC at all.
A traditional extraction process drives away all the active compounds from the cannabis plant. Then, a refining process separates all other phytocannabinoids, including THC and other plant matters. The remaining thing is the CBD chemical compound in its purest form.
Depending on the process, the final product is either large CBD isolate crystals or a refined white CBD isolate powder resembling the confectioner’s sugar. Although a slight cherry flavor may remain, CBD isolate should not contain any distinctive odor or taste.
CBD isolate remains THC-free and free of other plant compounds- terpenes and cannabinoids. It is often referred to as the hemp isolate, powdered CBD, or crystalline CBD.
CBD isolates are great for those people who want to try CBD but don’t want to ingest the psychoactive cannabinoid THC. If you’ve had bad experiences with full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD products, the isolate CBD can be suitable for you.
Isolate CBD works by influencing cannabinoid receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system. When CBD isolate interacts with these receptors, it may influence or affect many different functions body.
Isolate CBD is virtually one of the most distinct and versatile forms of CBD in the market. Multiple forms of CBD isolate products containing no THC are available. Some of the most commonly available ones are-
- CBD Isolate Powder
- CBD Isolate Liquid
- CBD Terpsolate
- CBD Slab
How CBD Isolate is Made
CBD can be natural or synthetic. To produce the natural CBD isolate from hemp plants, some components, along with other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, fats, lipids, and other compounds, are driven away. Then, the CBD compound is isolated from the rest of the extraction by applying chemical washing and separation processes.
Extracting CBD from hemp is very difficult. When hemp is taken to the extraction process to separate its cannabinoids, many other unexpected compounds like waxes and chlorophyll are extracted. So some additional steps are essential to isolate the CBD and release other substances.
After all impurities and solvents are expelled, the remaining is at least 99% pure CBD crystalline. Grinding these crystalline gets you white CBD powder.
No extraction process is specified to produce CBD isolate. You can use many different processes to produce CBD isolate from industrial hemp extracts. Most manufacturers use one of these two methods-
- Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) based extractions
- Ethanol-based extractions
Although both processes are relatively simple, to produce a 100% pure CBD product, a lot of skill is requisite, along with a laboratory full of expensive equipment. Then a final step called winterization is required to get CBD to isolate.
After completing the extraction process, we get a CBD concentrate first, and we call it the crude oil or extract.
So, one of the first two fundamental steps to isolate CBD from the crude extract is winterization, and the other is Decarboxylation. Winterization helps remove lipids, plant waxes. Decarboxylation turns the CBDA (Cannabidiolic Acid) into CBD with heat and time.
Then the winterized oil is diluted in a solvent and sent through a fractional distillation process to drive away chlorophyll, terpenes, and other undesirable compounds and concentrate by detaching CBD and other minor cannabinoids from those natural chemical compounds.
Let’s have an in-depth look at the pure CBD isolate production steps:
- CO2 Extraction
CO2 extraction is comparatively the most efficient and the most accepted way of extracting CBD. It’s the cleanest extraction method to remove the least amount of residual chemicals if done correctly.
To extract all of the cannabinoids and terpenes from the raw hemp flower, people use CO2 keeping under high pressure.
A machine blasts the CO2 keeping the raw flower in the path of the gas. Then they collect below a liquid containing the CBD, still with all the other cannabinoids.
Then they evaporate the excess liquid to find a pure cannabinoid extract behind in the form of oil. This oil is full-spectrum.
- Ethanol Extraction
Ethanol-based extraction uses pure alcohol as a solvent. When the plant matter is kept in the solvent, it releases cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds in the hemp plant’s arrays. After the plant material is taken away, a cannabinoid-infused liquid is got behind.
Then, the excess alcohol is evaporated, which leaves an accessorial cannabinoid oil behind. At this stage, the remaining oil is full-spectrum.
Once extracted using either the supercritical CO2 or ethanol extraction method, the CBD must be separated or refined from the other cannabinoids in the oil. A final step is essential for it. To do the final step, manufacturers use a process that is winterization.
The cannabis oil suspended in a solvent is then frozen until a pure CBD isolate powder is separated. The extractors or the manufacturers collect this powder discarding the rest of the extraction.
From here, the powder is ready for use in a beneficial oil, edibles, capsules, topicals, or to keep in its raw form to use as a supplement for food and drinks.
Benefits of CBD Isolate
CBD isolate getting more popular over time for many reasons. Among the main reasons, some non-functional reasons are as follows-
- CBD isolate contains no THC
- It’s easy to discern the CBD isolate dosage
- It’s cheaper
- It has beneficial effects on the human body
- It has a consumption variety
- It is easy dosing
- It has an attenuating effect on THC
- CBD powder is easily measurable
- Isolate is taste-free. So it is excellent to add CBD to food and beverages without any change in taste.
There are numerous medicinal or health benefits of CBD isolate. CBD mainly interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system that bears much significance. The interaction of isolate CBD with this complex cell signaling system can undoubtedly benefit people in many ways.
In 2018, the FDA approved Epidiolex, and anecdotal evidence and preliminary research prove that CBD may help treat many conditions. Many other studies suggest that CBD isolate may help treat the following conditions:
- Nerve and muscle pain
- Arthritis pain
- Cancer pain
- Chronic back pain
- Neuropathic pain
- Weight loss
- Chemotherapy side effects
The World Health Organization (WHO) disclosed CBD’s therapeutic benefits for people with:
- Neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, some sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s disease
- Chronic pain
- Brain injuries related to restricted blood flow
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis
- Inflammatory bowel and Crohn’s diseases
- Complications of diabetes
Although research in some areas is still insufficient or in its early stages, CBD isolate has a high potential for the following health conditions to treat:
- Cancer Symptoms
- Multiple sclerosis
- Skin conditions
- Heart conditions
- Mental health issues
- Hypertension (High blood pressure)
- Addiction & dependence
- Insomnia & sleep-related disorders
Effects of CBD Isolate
CBD works by interacting with the cannabinoid receptors prevailing in the human body. These receptors are prevalent as the human body produces its cannabinoids, which may impact several bodily functions, such as:
- Pain perception
- Inflammation levels
Researchers think that CBD does not bind directly with these receptors but still interacts and influences them somehow. As a consequence of this receptor activation, CBD applies some crucial effects on the human body.
The Potential Effects of CBD Isolate Including:
- Boosting the immune system (immune-modulating)
- Fighting inflammation (anti-inflammatory)
- Counteracting the formation of tumors (anti-tumorigenic)
- Preventing vomiting (antiemetic)
- Recovery or regeneration of the nervous system (neuroprotective)
- Reducing or preventing anxiety (anti-anxiety)
- Reducing or preventing seizures (anticonvulsant)
- Relieving pain (analgesic)
You can know from studies that show CBD can also influence the non-cannabinoid receptors, adding with the 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) serotonin receptor. Serotonin is a chemical that affects the levels of depression, anxiety, and sleeplessness, among others. This may help clarify the reason why CBD reduces anxiety and pain in some people.
Results from the study point out that CBD isolate is only effective against pain and swelling depending on a specific dose. But full-spectrum CBD products will continue to provide increasing effects if the dosage increases.
Side Effects of CBD Isolate
CBD isolate usually a low-risk substance, especially for its not containing THC. But in some people, it may cause adverse reactions, including:
- An increase or decrease in appetite
- Weight loss or weight gain
There is a risk of CBD interacting with over-the-counter medications, making interactions with some dietary supplements too. CBD can leave an impact on the metabolism of these medications.
How to use CBD Isolate
There are several different ways to use CBD isolate. Here are some of the most common methods:
- Ingesting: Crystalline CBD is safe to ingest directly, but it is best when mixed or dissolved with food or drinks. Since CBD powder is not water-soluble, it needs fat to bind with to dissolve into recipes fully.
- Sublingual: You can place the isolate under your tongue, let it dissolve for at least 90 seconds, and then wash it down. Remember that the wait time of CBD isolate is longer than CBD tincture, as it is to be held under the tongue for at least 30 seconds.
- Mixing: CBD is fat-soluble. So, you can also mix the isolate with a carrier oil to make homemade CBD tinctures. In addition to foods, isolate gets mixed with e-juice to use with vaporizers, and good to blend with topical creams and oils.
CBD isolate has many different use forms for everyone, from oils and edibles to topicals and vapes. It is entirely up to you how you will use CBD. But the most bioavailable methods are oils and vapes.
The most commonly used forms of CBD isolate are-
- CBD Isolate Oil
- CBD Edibles
- CBD Isolate Capsules
- CBD Topicals
- CBD Vaporizers
Although CBD isolate isn’t as valuable medically as the full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD, it’s perfect for people negatively reacting to other cannabinoids but still wanting to try CBD to treat their condition.
CBD isolate may be best effective for those who want to try CBD without ingesting any psychoactive compounds like THC.
Note that while choosing a CBD isolate, you should always try to buy from a reputable company and read the label carefully to ensure that it is free from THC, other chemicals, and impurities.
Carlos B. graduated from Oxford in 2014 after pursuing biological sciences, and his passion has been so much about health and lifestyle. He later quits his career as a health consultant to focus on writing. His love for hemp and endless possibilities, including the practical medicinal functions in making CBD is among the reasons he now writes about it. Carlos is an informative writer that delivers timely content about hemp, its uses, and its potentials of hemp. He enjoys his leisure time visiting the people suffering neurological conditions and advises them on the best practices that can change their lives.