Hemp is used since prehistoric times for its industrial use and its nutritional and health-promoting properties. However, since the 70s of the last century, after the approval of strict regulations and the appearance of synthetic fibers, hemp was not as important as years ago. In recent years, there has been a resurgence of industrial hemp cultivation in the country.
Three raw materials can be obtained from hemp: seeds, fiber, and pulp. The fibers are resistant, soft, insulating, and absorbent. People use them in the textile sector for clothing, nets, ropes, and much more. The pulp is also used to make cellulose and paper.
Companies also use seeds to make biofuels, lubricants, bioplastics, food, and cosmetics. Hemp comes from the same plant as marijuana (Cannabis sativa). A fast-growing annual plant native to the Himalayan mountain ranges in Asia. In 1937, the United States banned its use in favor of cotton and synthetic fibers.
A ban that shortly after spread around the world. The United Nations introduced hemp in the list of narcotic substances of the 1961 Single Convention, still in force today. After years of genetic selection during the 20th century, French scientists developed varieties with a low THC content.
THC is known as tetrahydrocannabinol or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and is the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis. Thanks to these contributions, new regulations have appeared. The variations low in THC are those intended for industrial and food use. They are the ones referred to when talking about industrial hemp.
Among their health benefits, hemp seeds have a protective effect against cardiovascular diseases. Help regulate blood sugar, contribute to delay cellular aging, and improve the function of the immune system. Likewise, hemp seeds are beneficial to combat tiredness and fatigue, prevent arthritis and rheumatism, improve premenstrual syndrome and menopause, and regulate intestinal transit.
In the country, cannabis is produced in farms created explicitly for its cultivation. One of them, which will be discussed below, is the Hemp Farm of Colorado.
Hemp Industry In United States
The hemp industry in the United States is on the rise. This growth, however, is related to the correct application of existing legislation for its full development. The current state of the U.S. cannabis market is promising for the future, with specific challenges for the present. According to a report by Brightfield Group, the market for hemp-derived products in that country will reach $23.7 billion by 2023. Currently, it is worth $5 billion.
The growth of hectares cultivated with hemp in the United States has been exponential. During 2019, people cultivate approximately 121 thousand hectares. Production will be continuing to increase due to the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill in that country. Which legalized hemp at the federal level, in addition to the expansion of state programs aimed at boosting industrial hemp and the profit potential that this crop generates.
The legislative history of industrial hemp in the United States goes back a little further in time. More precisely from the 2014 Farm Bill, which defined industrial hemp and introduced domestic production. The difference with the 2018 Farm Bill, a cannabis reform regulation in that country, has to do with hemp cultivation intended broadly for commercial. Not just pilot programs to see market interest in hemp products.
The 2018 Act explicitly allowed the transfer of hemp-derived products across state lines for commercial or other purposes. It also imposes no restrictions on the sale, transportation, or possession of hemp-derived products, so long as those items are produced in a manner consistent with the Act, according to Hoban Law Group (HLG).
Hoban law group is a cannabis industry law firm that serves both the regulated marijuana industry and the industrial hemp industry and has provided professional services to the industry since 2009. In this sense, the difference between industrial hemp, which is entirely legal, and narcotics must begin to be settled in the United States. A regulatory framework is not enough if these rules are not clarified appropriately. There are still issues between federal agents and state agents due to this.
The industry’s outlook soon has been good, with the arrival of Joe Biden to the White House, which will be closely linked to the proposals made during the campaign by the President-elect for the Democratic Party. In the electoral platform, the Biden-Harris formula supports the decriminalization and legalization of marijuana for medical use at the federal level.
It is essential to point out that, at the same time, each state of the United States will have to evaluate and decide autonomously whether they want to legalize marijuana for recreational purposes or not.
Hemp Farm In Colorado Scenario
Twenty-five cities and counties in Colorado, in the United States, allow the legal and limited sale of marijuana. The law went into effect in 2014. It was approved by popular vote in November 2012. This legalized the possession ( 28 grams or less) and small amounts of marijuana for non-medical issues. Only those over 21 years of age can get access to it. Its production and sale are also legal according to the new legal framework.
The regulation establishes a 25% tax on the sale of marijuana and allows each person to grow up to six plants. A family can grow up to 12 plants. It prohibits, however, the consumption of marijuana in public places.
Although in Denver, the state capital, recreational marijuana can already be purchased. Other major cities, such as Aspen, Aurora, and Boulder, have decided not to implement the regulation yet. It also establishes restrictions for people without a driver’s license who want to buy marijuana.
The Bottom Line
Various cities have implemented regulations and laws to maintain a standard in the selling and growing of marijuana. Some cities also make stores have tinted windows, so that passerby’s don’t see inside the shops.
Calamus fields in Colorado have grown a lot in the last few years. This can be a sight in the number of jobs they provide and in the state’s pharmacies.
Walter was not an engineer even from the first day he stepped at the University of California in Los Angeles. He only had to fulfill his Father's wish to pursue civil engineering. He graduated in 2015, and he started practicing as a writer. His passion was thriving in the hemp industry following the controversies and myths about the plant. Walter E. Russo later embarks on a full-time job in a hemp website, and he now delivers informative content on everything you should know about hemp. His in-depth research and elaborate skills have earned him a reputation as a trusted writer. He enjoys watching football during his leisure hours.