CBD is getting increasingly popular day by day. But studies and research are not sufficient. The illegality of CBD with more than 0.3% of THC is another obstacle for the widespread of CBD and CBD research. Yet this article will help you know adequately about full-spectrum CBD or full-spectrum CBD oil, about how it works, its pros, cons, safety, and side effects.
You can also know a lot about the benefits of full-spectrum CBD and whether or not it is right for you. Choosing the best and safest full-spectrum CBD products is another vital point you need to know.
What is CBD?
The short form of cannabidiol derived from the Cannabis sativa plant, hemp, is CBD. It is one of the most well-known natural chemical compounds found in cannabis plants. Among more than 100 elements of cannabis plants, CBD is the most useful for human health for its health healing properties.
CBD is a cannabinoid, which acts positively against acute and chronic pains, irritations, and different inflammatory conditions. The chemical formula of CBD is C21H30O2. Dr. Mechoulam was the first to identify something effective in cannabis plants in the mid-1930s.
Walking after him, Roger Adams, the Harvard University alumni, first discovered the healing properties of a Cannabis sativa plant in 1940, and these properties come from the phytocannabinoid CBD.
The other most famous chemical compound with the same chemical formula is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is also a cannabinoid, not legal for severe psychoactive effects that cause “high.” CBD with more than 0.3% THC is also illegal. The FDA-approved CBD carries 0 to 0.3% THC.
The cannabis plant’s extract may contain CBD up to 40%. Usually, three types of CBD or CBD products are available-
- CBD isolate: CBD isolate pure with 99.9% CBD without any other compounds from the hemp plant. Other natural chemical compounds prevailing in cannabis, including THC, terpenes, waxes, oils, chlorophyll, and some others, are removed during the extraction process of CBD isolate.
Different methods can be used to produce CBD isolate from industrial hemp extracts
- Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2)
- Ethanol-based extractions
- Broad-spectrum: The process of broad-spectrum CBD removes THC and most often sells as CBD oil. Broad-spectrum CBD has no psychoactive effects as it has no THC at all. Broad-spectrum CBD or CBD products contain some other chemical compounds, including terpenes and other cannabinoids than CBD.
THC is the only difference between the broad-spectrum and the full-spectrum CBD. Many different chemical compounds besides CBD take part in forming the broad-spectrum CBD, such as-.
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
- Terpenes like myrcene, limonene, or pinene
- Cannabinol (CBN)
- Full-spectrum: The third type of CBD is the full-spectrum, which contains everything the cannabis plant contains. It differs from the broad-spectrum CBD for having THC.
What is Full-Spectrum CBD?
The full-spectrum CBD contains every chemical compound existing in the cannabis plants, such as-
- Fatty acids
All these constituents have a therapeutic value and help create the entourage effect.
The full-spectrum CBD also contains the other most famous cannabinoid, tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. THC is a natural chemical compound with psychoactive properties to make a person feel “high.” CBD or CBD products containing more than 0.3% THC are illegal.
The original full-spectrum extracts are less available than your expectation. Most extracts may lose significant terpenes and flavonoids during their processing because they are much more unstable than cannabinoids. The following methods can produce Full Spectrum extracts:
- Ethanol and shallow heat- the RSO method or whole plant oil,
- An extremely long vacuum extraction process.
Full-spectrum extracts seem to be quite dark in color, and their flavors are earthy and vegetal. The objective of a full-spectrum extract is to maintain the range of your desired compounds in a cannabis plant without changing them through decarboxylation or oxidation.
How CBD Full-Spectrum Works
The main cannabinoids existing in full-spectrum CBD are CBD and THC. These cannabinoids are prevailing in different areas of the brain to perform their work. Research is still going on to trace out their full effects on the body. But till now, they have found that cannabinoids in general help regulate the body’s endocannabinoid system.
The endocannabinoid system is responsible for many nervous, and immune system functions along with-
- Sleep cycle
- Inflammation response regulation and
- Some more
Virtually, the endocannabinoid system helps control many different imbalances within the body with the help of activated receptors throughout our central and peripheral nervous systems.
It also has a connection with the way of our experiencing pain. Researchers think that CBD helps the body’s systems in achieving better balance.
The full-spectrum CBD works through the interactions with cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoids, also called endogenous lipid-based retrograde neurotransmitters, act by binding them with cannabinoid receptors (CBRs) and cannabinoid receptor proteins.
The most prevailing cannabinoid receptors are CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. Some cannabinoids use the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR’s) and transient receptor potential (TRP) channels.
CB1Rs are essential receptors available in the brain and nervous system and peripheral organs and tissues. These receptors are the main molecular concentration of the endogenous partial agonist, anandamide, also known as N-arachidonoyl ethanolamine (AEA), and exogenous THC, one of the most known active natural chemical compounds of cannabis.
THC, the extrinsic cannabinoids, yield their biological effects along with their interactions with the cannabinoid receptors. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid, which acts as a relatively weak antagonist at both CBRs and a more powerful agonist at TRPV1 and antagonist at TRPM8.
Pros of Full-Spectrum CBD
Like other CBD or CBD products, full-spectrum CBD has excellent pros. They are as followed-
Health Healing Properties
The full-spectrum CBD products can create a powerful CBD treatment overcoming so-called CBD isolate products working individually to treat various medical issues. These components have healing properties like-
- Fatty acids
- Rich essential vitamins.
For having the above healing properties, full-spectrum CBD oil is getting widely popular in helping serious medical conditions such as-
- Muscle pain
- Some other adverse medical conditions
The Entourage Effect
Some studies state that CBD can be beneficial on its own. But other research, on the other hand, discloses that CBD’s therapeutic effects are more potent while combining with other cannabis compounds, including terpenes, flavonoids, and lesser-known cannabinoids. This theory is regarded as the entourage effect.
Although the broad-spectrum CBD has other compounds, the THC is found only in full-spectrum CBD. This THC may bring about the anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving benefits of CBD.
Because of insufficient levels of THC (less than 0.3 percent), full-spectrum CBD shouldn’t cause you to get “high.” This depends mainly on the product’s potency and dosage. If you take a large dose of a high-potency product regularly, the excess THC may grow a euphoric effect.
The easy and wide availability of full-spectrum CBD is another pro for being a popular option. It’s easy to find full-spectrum-
- CBD edibles like CBD gummies with THC and other cannabinoids
- CBD topicals like creams or lotions
- CBD sublingual like sprays or CBD tinctures
- CBD oils
- CBD pills or capsules
Cons of Full-Spectrum CBD
Like all good things, full-spectrum CBD comes with its cons too, which are-
For having psychoactive effects, not everyone wants THC in their CBD products. The term psychoactive or psychotropic goes to chemical substances that change a person’s mental state by affecting how the brain and nervous system work. This can lead you to intoxication.
For this psychoactive effect, you may prefer avoiding THC or might worry about its showing up on a drug test, which is probable to happen, especially when you have to buy CBD products that are mislabeled and contain more THC than they claim.
Not always legal
The full-spectrum CBD products are hemp-derived, containing less than 0.3% THC. Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC are federally legal in the states.
However, some CBD products may be produced from, commonly referred to as “marijuana,” that may have more than 0.3% THC. These products are also probable to be found at dispensaries in states where cannabis is legal.
If you’re going to buy a full-spectrum CBD product, you should check how much THC it really contains. Thus you can make sure it is right for you.
What are the Benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD?
The full-spectrum CBD has recently been popularized for its potential properties to help alleviate many different health conditions, like-
Full-spectrum CBD brings about a lot of promise, especially on these treatment fronts. But more research is essential to back up all the claims about its benefits completely.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved one cannabis-derived medication, a prescription drug product is used to treat certain severe forms of epilepsy, a seizure-causing disorder.
Although currently there is no clear scientific evidence mentioning other specific health conditions that full-spectrum CBD may help treat, research exposes that it not only acts as an anti-inflammatory but also shows promise for treating-
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorders
More than 100 natural chemical compounds, also known as cannabinoids, remain in cannabis hemp plants. Other than cannabidiol, the full-spectrum CBD carries many other common cannabinoids. Some of these cannabinoids have many health healing properties offering us great health benefits. They include-
- Cannabichromene (CBC): It has anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, anti-fungal, and anti-cancer properties.
- Cannabidivarin (CBDV): It has anti-convulsant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-nausea properties. It also impacts pain and mood disorders. It is effective, especially in providing symptom relief for Crohn’s, HIV/AIDS, and M.S.
- Cannabigerol (CBG): This cannabinoid has anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, and anti-tumor properties. CBG also has positive effects on cancer, inflammation, glaucoma, and skin diseases.
- Cannabinol (CBN): This cannabinoid has anti-inflammatory and anti-convulsant properties along with sedative effects.
The crucial benefit of full-spectrum CBD oil is the positive effects yielding from the united work of all the compounds.
Full-spectrum CBD also has required fats, vitamins, and proteins. It has plenty of vitamins A, C, E, and B with up to 20 amino acids and essential fatty acids, such as Omega-3 and Omega-6. The amino acids are excellent to boost and speed up the ability of your body to make protein. The protein improves recovery time, and the fatty acids are outstanding for heart health.
Besides, there are some other perspective benefits for full-spectrum CBD-
- It’s sustainable
- It’s bountiful
- It’s all-natural
- No marijuana high
- Easy to get
Safety and Side Effects
Full-spectrum CBD is not controlled by the FDA. But the agency is now working on how it may approach controlling the CBD industry in the future. There is no guarantee still that a full-spectrum CBD product is entirely safe and positively effective for you.
Some people have experienced some of the milder psychoactive or sedative effects associated with THC, and there may be a chance to show up on a drug test.
Research on full-spectrum CBD is still reasonably preliminary and insufficient. Experts are still unable to give precise answers to many consumer questions about the pros and cons of using full-spectrum CBD for various health issues.
A 2018 World Health Organization (WHO) report points out that CBD, in general, is well-tolerated, with some adverse effects usually happening as a result of medication interactions.
But still, there is a possibility for occurring some side effects like:
- Mood changes
- Appetite changes
- Dry mouth
Although no prescription is essential for full-spectrum CBD, you should show it and consult with a doctor or healthcare professional to ensure that it won’t counteract the other medications you’re taking and the condition you’re using it for.
Is Full-Spectrum CBD Right For You?
When you’re sensitive to THC or just want to avoid it, try broad-spectrum CBD. This way, you’ll still get some benefits of the entourage effect but with no THC. So, if you desire a broad range of benefits still avoiding THC, broad-spectrum products should be the best pick for you.
Suppose you are interested in experiencing all the potential therapeutic benefits of the entourage effect that the cannabis plant can offer. In that case, full-spectrum CBD may be the best choice for you.
But if you’re interested only in CBD and don’t want anything else, isolate CBD may be your best bet.
So, it will be up to you and your conditions whether the full-spectrum CBD is suitable for you.
How to Choose the Best Full-Spectrum CBD Products
Some criteria or safety, quality, and transparency indicators will help you choose CBD products for you. You can choose the best full-spectrum CBD products by considering if it-
- Is manufactured by a company, able to provide the proof of third-party testing by an ISO 17025-compliant lab
- Is extracted from U.S.-grown hemp
- Contains 0 to 0.3% THC, according to the Certificate of Analysis (COA)
- Is unbound to pesticides, heavy metals, and molds,
You should also check
- Company certifications and manufacturing processes
- Product potency
- Overall ingredients
User trust and brand reputation indicators, such as-
- Customer reviews
- If the company has become subject to an FDA warning letter
- If the company has any unsupported health claims
Full-spectrum CBD has multiple beneficial properties. If you intend to enjoy the benefits of all cannabinoids from cannabis hemp, make a prompt decision to have full-spectrum CBD as you need. But always remember to consult a doctor about your conditions beforehand.
Carlos B. graduated from Oxford in 2014 after pursuing biological sciences, and his passion has been so much about health and lifestyle. He later quits his career as a health consultant to focus on writing. His love for hemp and endless possibilities, including the practical medicinal functions in making CBD is among the reasons he now writes about it. Carlos is an informative writer that delivers timely content about hemp, its uses, and its potentials of hemp. He enjoys his leisure time visiting the people suffering neurological conditions and advises them on the best practices that can change their lives.